Theresa Merritt (September 24, 1922 – June 12, 1998) was an actress and singer who played Aunt Em in the 1978 movie verison of The Wiz (movie). Born in Emporia, Virginia.She appeared in many theatrical productions but gained fame later in life when she starred in Ma Rainey's Black Bottom, for which she earned a Tony Award nomination and The Wiz , in which she replaced Mabel Kingas Evillene . She left The Wiz, citing the role's harmful effect on her voice. She then starred in the television sitcom That's My Mama. She went back to The Wiz as the role of Aunt Em.
Merritt was married to Benjamin Hines and they had four children. Merritt died of skin cancer on June 12, 1998, in The Bronx.