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The final scene from the 1910 production of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz

The 1910 film version of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz was the first movie adaptation of L. Frank Baum's famous book — though it was made without the author's active involvement.

Fairylogue and Radio-Plays, Baum's 1908 multi-media stage show, had been an artistic success but a financial failure. The project left Baum owing thousands of dollars to his creditors, including the Selig Polyscope Company, the Chicago firm that had made the film segments employed in the show. As part of Baum's efforts to settle his debts, the Selig company won the right to make a movie of the author's best-known work. While scenes from The Wonderful Wizard of Oz had been filmed by Selig and featured in Fairylogue, the 1910 project was the first attempt to adapt the whole story. Yet Selig chose to made a single-reel version (thirteen minutes running time), so that the story is intensely compressed and somewhat incoherent.

Oddly, Dorothy meets the talking living Scarecrow while still in Kansas, pre-twister. The two plus Toto are blown to Oz riding a haystack, along with Imogene the cow and a donkey (human performers in animal costumes).[1] Once in Oz, Glinda enlarges Toto to be a more effective protector for Dorothy — meaning that Toto too can be played by a child actor in costume instead of a dog. The Travelers meet the Cowardly Lion and Tin Woodman in the usual way.

The story's villain is the witch "Momba" (perhaps a version of Mombi). She captures Dorothy and friends with her lizard soldiers; Dorothy melts her with a bucket of water. In the Emerald City, the Wizard of Oz crowns the Scarecrow as the king of Oz, before flying away on his balloon, leaving Dorothy behind. Her return to Kansas is omitted.

The film has elements of spectacle, with live horses and camels, and a marching troop of chorus-girl soldiers. In place of the solitary Soldier with the Green Whiskers, the movie provides a quartet of long-bearded guards.

William Selig was credited as the movie's producer; Otis Turner, who had been involved in the Fairylogue project, was the director and screenwriter. Dorothy was played by the nine-year-old English actress Bebe Daniels, in her second American film.



"The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" (1910) Earliest surviving Oz film.


  1. The donkey has sometimes been identified as Hank the mule, though Baum did not introduce that character until 1913. Imogene the cow was introduced in the 1902 stage adaptation of the book, as a substitute for Toto; an adult actor can inhabit a cow suit more easily than a terrier costume. Some other aspects of the film derive more from the stage version than the book.

External links

OzIcon.png Films and Television OzIcon.png
Live-action adaptations
Silent films Fairylogue and Radio-Plays (1908) • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1910) • His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz (1914) • The Patchwork Girl of Oz (1914) • The Magic Cloak of Oz (1914) •

The Wizard of Oz (1925)

Modern films

The Wizard of Oz (1939) • The Wonderful Land of Oz (1969) • 20th Century Oz (1976) • The Wiz (1978) • Return to Oz (1985) • The Wizard of Oz (1994) • The Muppets' Wizard of Oz (2005) • After the Wizard (2011) • Oz the Great and Powerful (2013) • The Wiz Live! (2015)

Spin-off films Flying Monkeys (2013)
Guest Appearances Inkheart (2008)
TV Series

Adventures in Oz with Cheryl (1999) • Lost in Oz (2002) • Tin Man (2007) • La Maga (2008) • Dorothy and the Witches of Oz (2011) • Emerald City (2017)

Guest Appearances Shirley Temple's Storybook (1960) • Once Upon a Time (2011-2018) • Supernatural (2013-)
Animated adaptations

Return to Oz (1964) • Journey Back to Oz (1974) • Dorothy in the Land of Oz (1980) • The Wizard of Oz (1982) • The Wizard of Oz (1983) • Dorothy Meets Ozma of Oz (1987) • The Wizard of Oz (1991) • Lion of Oz (2000) • Tom and Jerry & the Wizard of Oz (2011) • Legends of Oz: Dorothy's Return (2014) • Save Oz! (2015) • Tom and Jerry: Back to Oz (2016) • Urfin Jus and His Wooden Soldiers (2017) • The Steam Engines of Oz (2018)

Guest Appearances The LEGO Movie (2014) • The Lego Batman Movie (2017)

Tales of the Wizard of Oz (1961) • In the Magical Land of Oz (1983) • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1986) • The Wonderful Galaxy of Oz (1990) • The Wizard of Oz (1990) • The Oz Kids (1996) • Adventures in the Emerald City (1999) • Marchen Awakens Romance (2007) • Lost in Oz (2015-2018) • Dorothy and the Wizard of Oz (2017-2020)

Guest Appearances Superfriends (1980)
Upcoming adaptations Wicked (2021) • Return to Emerald City (?) • How the Wizard Came to Oz (?) • The Land of Oz (?) • Oz (?)
Pastiches, parodies, etc Rugrats (1999) • That's So Raven (2003-2006) • Victorious (2012) • Mickey Mouse Clubhouse (2013) • Nicky, Ricky, Dicky & Dawn (2017)
Reality TV Project Runway (2004) • Face Off (2011)
Shorts and others Beef Ravioli commercials (2006) • After Oz (2007) • OzLand (2015) • The Land of Oz (short film) (2015) • Dorothy in the Land of Stars (2017) •Unknown (TBA)

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