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"The Wizard of Oz" (1925)

Three characters, as seen in the film. (Tin Woodsman,Snowball,The Wizard and Scarecrow)

The 1925 film adaptation of The Wizard of Oz, released by Chadwick Pictures, is largely forgotten — remembered mainly because the Tin Woodman was played by Oliver Hardy prior to his partnership with Stan Laurel.


The film starred comedian Larry Semon as the Scarecrow, and was primarily a vehicle for Semon's comedy (he also directed). Dorothy Gale was played by Mrs. Semon, the actress Dorothy Dwan. The script was credited to L. Frank Baum's eldest son Frank Joslyn Baum (as "L. Frank Baum, Jr.") and Leon Lee.

The film script departed vastly from Baum's books. Dorothy is an Ozian princess and the heir to the throne, who was kidnapped as a baby and taken to Kansas. A love triangle develops among the 18-year-old Dorothy, the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman; the latter, disappointed in love, connives with the piece's villain, prime minister Kruel. In the end, Princess Dorothea marries her destined match, Prince Kynd. (Kruel and Kynd are from Baum's ninth Oz novel, The Scarecrow of Oz.)

In this film the Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, and Cowardly Lion are not real characters, but merely disguises adopted by three farmhands blown to Oz by tornado. (The third farmhand is an African-American character, played by Spencer Bell under the Jim-Crow stage name "G. Howe Black.")

The film was an expensive flop that bankrupted the studio that made it.




  • The film aired on TCM on November 25th 2018, for unknown reasons, only the first half-hour of the film was shown.


  • David L. Greene and Dick Martin. The Oz Scrapbook, New York, Random House, 1977.
  • Mark Evan Swartz. Before the Rainbow: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz on Stage and Screen to 1939. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.
OzIcon.png Films and Television OzIcon.png
Live-action adaptations
Silent films Fairylogue and Radio-Plays (1908) • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1910) • His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz (1914) • The Patchwork Girl of Oz (1914) • The Magic Cloak of Oz (1914) •

The Wizard of Oz (1925)

Modern films

The Wizard of Oz (1939) • The Wonderful Land of Oz (1969) • 20th Century Oz (1976) • The Wiz (1978) • Return to Oz (1985) • The Wizard of Oz (1994) • The Muppets' Wizard of Oz (2005) • After the Wizard (2011) • Oz the Great and Powerful (2013) • The Wiz Live! (2015)

Spin-off films Flying Monkeys (2013)
Guest Appearances Inkheart (2008)
TV Series

Adventures in Oz with Cheryl (1999) • Lost in Oz (2002) • Tin Man (2007) • La Maga (2008) • Dorothy and the Witches of Oz (2011) • Emerald City (2017)

Guest Appearances Shirley Temple's Storybook (1960) • Once Upon a Time (2011-2018) • Supernatural (2013-)
Animated adaptations

Return to Oz (1964) • Journey Back to Oz (1974) • Dorothy in the Land of Oz (1980) • The Wizard of Oz (1982) • The Wizard of Oz (1983) • Dorothy Meets Ozma of Oz (1987) • The Wizard of Oz (1991) • Lion of Oz (2000) • Tom and Jerry & the Wizard of Oz (2011) • Legends of Oz: Dorothy's Return (2014) • Save Oz! (2015) • Tom and Jerry: Back to Oz (2016) • Urfin Jus and His Wooden Soldiers (2017) • The Steam Engines of Oz (2018)

Guest Appearances The LEGO Movie (2014) • The Lego Batman Movie (2017)

Tales of the Wizard of Oz (1961) • In the Magical Land of Oz (1983) • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1986) • The Wonderful Galaxy of Oz (1990) • The Wizard of Oz (1990) • The Oz Kids (1996) • Adventures in the Emerald City (1999) • Marchen Awakens Romance (2007) • Lost in Oz (2015-2018) • Dorothy and the Wizard of Oz (2017-2020)

Guest Appearances Superfriends (1980)
Upcoming adaptations Wicked (2021) • Return to Emerald City (?) • How the Wizard Came to Oz (?) • The Land of Oz (?) • Oz (?)
Pastiches, parodies, etc Rugrats (1999) • That's So Raven (2003-2006) • Victorious (2012) • Mickey Mouse Clubhouse (2013) • Nicky, Ricky, Dicky & Dawn (2017)
Reality TV Project Runway (2004) • Face Off (2011)
Shorts and others Beef Ravioli commercials (2006) • After Oz (2007) • OzLand (2015) • The Land of Oz (short film) (2015) • Dorothy in the Land of Stars (2017) •Unknown (TBA)

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