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Return to Oz is an alternate Oz film released by Walt Disney Pictures in 1985. It is loosely based on The Marvelous Land of Oz and Ozma of Oz as it was produced by Paul Maslansky, directed by Walter Murch from a screenplay by Murch and Gill Dennis with Star Wars veteran Gary Kurtz as the executive producer.


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Opening title

It has been six long months since the tornado from the first story hit the Kansas prairie and carried the farmhouse away, and a depressed and broken down Uncle Henry is trying to build a new one. It is half finished, with winter just around the corner.

The majority of the Gale farm is in ruins. The barnyard has been severely damaged by the tornado and is barely standing. And everything around is either gone or in a state of poverty and despair. Resulting in the entire farm and farmland having to be put up in mortgage. Billina the yellow farm hen, isn't laying eggs for Aunt Em to cook to feed the family anymore. Aunt Em also complains about Uncle Henry's laziness due to a broken leg, which is his excuse as to why the new house isn't finished yet. Dorothy Gale, once a bright and energetic child, has now become melancholy beyond her years. She suffers from insomnia, hasn't slept a night straight through or played with her dog, Toto, since her return from the Land of Oz. She has dreams and even nightmares about there and no one believes her stories about her amazing fantastical adventures there. One day while doing her daily farm chores, she finds a key in the barn thanks to Billina that has "Oz" engraved in it after seeing a magic shooting star the night before. She is strongly convinced it is from Oz and that her old friends may all be sending her a sign saying that they're in trouble. Concerned for her mental state, a worried Aunt Em takes her to a psychiatric clinic and seeks the help of a professional therapist at an asylum so she can sleep again.

Dr. Worley listens to Dorothy's story about Oz and after questioning her a few times, he forcefully uses electroshock therapy her to cure her of all her Oz "delusions". Aunt Em must return to the farm before nightfall. She sadly kisses Dorothy goodbye and tells her that she will back for her the next day when Dr. Worley is done treating her as his patient, and she even promises to bring Toto. Dorothy objects after Aunt Em leaves and is taken to a dark and empty waiting room by the head nurse, Nurse Wilson, a stern-faced woman dressed in black. There she meets a mysterious and pretty young girl about her age, who appeared to come out of nowhere. She is barefoot, dressed in an old-fashioned hospital gown of all white and has blonde hair. She asks Dorothy why she was brought to the hospital, and they discuss their well-earned misgivings, and the girl gives her a little pumpkin with a carved face as a gift as Halloween is right around the corner. Suddenly, screaming and yelling can be faintly heard in the background somewhere in the hospital. When Dorothy turns her back for a second, the strange girl disappears and when Dorothy turns around to look again, she sees that the girl is gone, and she is once again left all alone in solitude.


Hours later, Nurse Wilson finally fetches Dorothy accompanied by hospital staff. They restrain her against her will and she is rolled away down the halls to a little room where the electroshock machine is kept. Just as Dr. Worley is about to use it on her, a thunderstorm hits which causes the power to go out, rendering the terrifying machine useless. Dr. Worley and Nurse Wilson leave to check the generator. Dorothy is left all alone in the dark again, and the screams and cries in the distance can be heard more clearly now. Shortly after, the girl Dorothy met earlier mysteriously arrives to help her quickly escape, revealing that the screaming she heard wasn't just her imagination but real. Dr. Worley's machines have mentally damaged and driven most of his patients mad and insane. The girl also says that he, along with Nurse Wilson's help, has locked them all away in the cellar to keep people from knowing the truth and finding him and Nurse Wilson out about their crimes. However, when the girls leave the room and rush toward the exit, they are seen and caught red handed by Nurse Wilson who glares at them and becomes infuriated. She pursues to chase after them, along with the other staff.

The girls run in fear for their lives and flee the hospital grounds, out into the storm as lightning strikes and thunder fills the sky. They accidentally slip down a muddy landslide and fall into a raging river nearby. They try to hold onto a large branch, but it breaks off and they are pulled further and further away downstream by the current. Nurse Wilson jumps into the water to try and grab one of them but is unsuccessful.

The mystery girl seemingly drowns as she is pulled underwater while Dorothy luckily finds an old wooden chicken coop, large enough for her to fit inside, which is floating nearby. She grabs ahold of it, climbs safely inside it like a baby in a cradle, and falls fast asleep as it floats off into the abyss carried by the strong current and into the unknown.

The next day, the storm is over and the sun shines bright. A sleeping Dorothy wakes up nice and dry to find herself still in the coop that is floating upon a small muddy pond. She suddenly hears the cluck of a chicken and sees Billina at her side in the coop. Strange enough, she can magically talk, and Dorothy realizes that she must be in a fairy land, possibly even Oz.

They notice that they are not in Kansas anymore, and once the small pond dries up, they see they are surrounded by nothing but sand and large rocks that stretches out on every side of them. Dorothy also takes caution and remembers that if she is back in Oz, it's four corners are surrounded by a great and vast deadly desert that separates it from the real world. Anything living that touches it dies and instantly turns into sand. Dorothy carefully climbs out of the coop, balances on rocky stones so she doesn't touch the sand, and hops to the land nearby. It is awaiting them as a grassy green meadow filled with rich trees and little flowers. They finally make it safely onto the shore, go exploring, and see if Dorothy can find any of her old friends to reunite with, specifically the Scarecrow who is now the King of Oz since the Wizard left.

The Nome Messenger, a lookout to spy on Oz and its inhabitants, sees that Dorothy has returned after all this time. He immediately informs the Nome King, who rules in a foreign realm that neighbors Oz across the desert. He is glad to hear that she has returned but also enraged to find out that she has a chicken with her. Back in Oz, and after having a tasty meal from a "Lunch Pail-Tree", Dorothy and Billina eventually reach Munchkin Country, aka Munchkinland only to find it completely deserted, desolate, and no Munchkins anywhere. And the atmosphere is very gloomy, surrounded by a thick dark forest with branches that hang dead and low. It is like a desolate graveyard instead of the lovely colorful place she remembers seeing on the first trip.

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Dorothy finds her old farmhouse.

They find the old farmhouse that the tornado blew away and landed on the Wicked Witch of the East and discover that the Yellow Brick Road has been completely destroyed. The bricks have been pulled out of the ground and removed from its foundation. They all are either broken in half or lay jumbled up in a mess. Dorothy follows it running as fast as she can with Billina running behind her in a panic. Hours later, they finally come to the end of the dark woods and arrive at the Emerald City only to find that it has had all of its precious emeralds stolen. It is in an apocalyptic state of decay by the catastrophe.

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The ruined Emerald city

Plants and vines grow over the ruins creating an eerily abandoned, overgrown, and unattended atmosphere. Every one of its citizens have been turned to stone, including the Tin Woodman, and the Cowardly Lion although there is no sign of the Scarecrow. Dorothy is also curious to find several dancing girls who have not only been turned to stone but have also lost their heads. While wandering around looking for any clues as to what happened, Dorothy and Billina are suddenly attacked by the Wheelers, a gang of scary looking, creepy, and psychotic creatures with wheels instead of hands and feet. They viciously terrorize and bully Dorothy and she runs away as they chase after her.

They flee down a dark alley only to reach a dead end with a locked door. Billina reminds Dorothy about the key she found back home in Kansas, so she can unlock the door and they can get inside before the Wheelers catch them. Dorothy quickly uses it and once they are safe inside the tiny dark room, they find a mechanical man made of copper named Tik-Tok, the official royal army of Oz and completely runs on clockwork, dependent on being wound up like a toy.

She winds up his thinking, speech, and action. He explains to her that when everything living began to turn to stone, the Scarecrow placed him there before he disappeared and told him to wait for her. To thank her for winding him back up, he promises to be her obedient servant as long she keeps him going. So she, Billina, and Tik-Tok leave the room and go back onto the city grounds. Tik-Tok defeats the Wheelers in a battle. He captures the lead one, who tells them that the Nome King conquered Oz, stole all of the city's beautiful emeralds after a war, and turned everyone to stone. And that Princess Mombi is the only one left who might know of the Scarecrow's whereabouts.

The lead Wheeler leads them to the Royal Palace of Oz which has been turned into Mombi's private boudoir. It is also the only standing building in the entire city. Obeying Dorothy's commands, Tik-Tok releases him which he does, and Dorothy enters after knocking on the giant door with no response other than her own eerie echo. Once inside they go up a flight of stairs and meet Mombi who apparently lives alone in isolation. She is found sitting on her royal throne playing angelic music to entertain herself and pass the time. Her palace is vast and magnificent in size and structure, the design is breathtaking, as everything is made out of solid gold with crystal. Giant chandeliers light the entire room up. The walls, floor, and ceiling are made out of spotless mirrors at every angle, so Mombi can always have her reflection to look at and admire herself all day long. She is lovely indeed as she sits on a gold and red velvet throne dressed in an elegant bejeweled ballgown. Dorothy kindly asks her what happened to Oz and all of its people.

Mombi takes Dorothy by the hand and tells Tik-Tok and Billina to stay and wait outside of her dressing rooms. Dorothy is taken down a long, immense hallway of locked cabinets, each constructed of solid gold and glass with the head of an attractive girl inside who stares emotionless at Dorothy. Mombi switches to Head #4, which has dark wavy hair in an updo with porcelain skin and a mature expression. She then explains to Dorothy that the Nome King conquered the Emerald City. Then he collected all of his emeralds back, kidnapped the Scarecrow, and took him to his Nome Mountain before turning every living thing in Oz to stone.

She looks at Dorothy strangely, then pursues her and says that she isn't beautiful but has a unique look, different from her other heads and has a "certain prettiness". She tells her that she will proceed to lock her away for a few years until her head is fully grown and ready. Then she'll take it to add to her collection which causes Dorothy to object as shecries out for Billina and Tik-Tok to help. They try to stop Mombi, but Tik-Tok freezes as his action winds down at the last second stopping him dead in his tracks. Mombi laughs at them cruelly and she takes Dorothy and Billina up a long staircase in a passageway, opened by a secret trapdoor. She locks them in the room in the top of the highest tower filled with old antique décor and dusty furniture covered in cobwebs. Now virtual prisoners, they meet the sweet and gentle Jack Pumpkinhead, who was also locked away and eventually forgotten about enough which avoided him being turned into stone. He is made of tree branches and sticks to form the figure of a man.

He is dressed in mixed-match clothing and has a giant pumpkin for a head. He explains to Dorothy that his "mom" built him to scare Mombi before she vanished. Dorothy asks him where Mombi got all her heads from, and he explains that they came from the headless dancing girls she found in the city ruins. He then tells her that he was brought to life by Mombi as she was testing her Powder of Life on him, which she got from a magician. It now lies in Cabinet #31 with her original head. This gives Dorothy an idea for how to escape. When Mombi goes to sleep later that night and all is silent, Jack unlocks the tower's door and he and Dorothy sneak down to wind up Tik-Tok.

He and Jack return to the top of the tower, and with Billina they begin to build a flying machine using two old sofas pushed and tied together, palm tree leaves for wings, and a Gump's head. Dorothy tiptoes into Mombi's bedchamber while she and her heads are asleep. Dorothy carefully unties the black silk ribbon on Mombi's ruby key that she wears around her wrist. She walks across the room and unlocks Cabinet #31 in Mombi's hall of heads. Her original head and Powder of Life are in there, surrounded by other magic potions and voodoo dolls. While reaching for the Powder of Life, Dorothy accidentally knocks something over, waking up Mombi who begins screaming, "DOROTHY GALE!" This wakes up all of the other heads in her collection and they began screaming too. Her original head lurches forward and tries to bite Dorothy's hand when she grabs the Powder of Life.

Dorothy slams the cabinet door in her face. However, to Dorothy's horror, her headless body awakens too and begins to reach out for Dorothy to stop her. She quickly dodges it, runs off, and returns to the top of the tower. Tik-Tok's thinking has run down, causing him to go bonkers and rant complete nonsense as he speaks gibberish while bouncing around the room, slowing down the process. After Dorothy winds him up again, she says the magic words and uses the Powder of Life to bring the Gump to life. They all escape moments after Mombi, with her original head, enters the room. They fly over the city ruins and toward the direction of the Nome King's Mountain which is straight ahead.

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"Dorothy Gale is escaping!"

Mombi makes it outside the tower at the very bottom to awaken the Wheelers who are sleeping on the stairs and front porch in front of the front door. She yells and violently kicks them all to wake up fast. She demands them all to chase after the Gump and sends them off after she points up above at Dorothy and her companions as they fly across the moon in the night sky. They do as they are told, but when the Gump flies over the shores of the land and above the Deadly Desert, right out of Oz, leaving it far behind, five of the Wheelers lose control of their wheels and fall into the sand which kills them instantly. The seven remaining ones return to Mombi's castle within the city empty handed. Furious, she has them pull her to the Nome King's Mountain using a tunnel underneath the Deadly Desert. The next day, the Gump begins to fall apart, as the rope holding the sofas together snaps, resulting in him, Dorothy, Tik-Tok, Jack, and Billina crashing down onto the Nome King's Mountain. Jack's head falls off in the process, and Billina hides in it before it is reattached. The Gump's head is tied back to the sofa so he can walk.

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Ozma trapped in the mirror

The Nome King suddenly appears right before them on the high cliff above, having his face imprinted and visible to the eye as he is also part of the mountain's rock wall. When Dorothy politely tells him that she and her companions are there to conquer him, he causes an earthquake and makes the ground split apart, causing them to fall into his underground throne room of rocks and treasures.

The Nome King loudly explains the situation from his point of view as Dorothy falls deeper and deeper into the Earth, passing dazzling jewels and other rare gems made for him by his Nomes. Once she finally reaches the bottom she is briefly reunited with the Scarecrow, but for only less than a mere second before he is transformed into the ornament in the blink of an eye and teleported away by the Nome King to add to his decorated ornament room. He tells Dorothy that the Scarecrow stole his emeralds from him first, and that all the ones in the city really belonged to him first as they were all from his mountain to begin with. And he was just rightfully taking them all back. Dorothy argues that they were already there long before the Scarecrow got his brains and became the King. The Nome King decides to let the group each have three guesses as to which ornament the Scarecrow is, and if they guess right, he will be restored, and they all will be allowed to leave the mountain. He tells them to enter his ornament room and try to find the Scarecrow, and when they think they've found the ornament he's been turned into, touch it and call out, "Oz."

The Gump goes first, mumbles to himself, and complains the whole way down the entrance. Meanwhile the Nome King sits on his rock throne as he smokes his pipe, shows hospitality to his guests, and caters a yummy refreshment for them all, limestone pie and hot melted silver. When the Gump ends up guessing wrong three times, he is turned into an ornament. Dorothy tries to argue with this, but the Nome King makes it clear that he expects them all to play, or he'll send them to his "fiery furnace". Jack is also unsuccessful on his turn. Each time someone becomes an ornament, the Nome King becomes more and more human-like in appearance.

During Tik-Tok's turn, the Nome King reveals to Dorothy that he has gotten ahold of her magical ruby slippers, which he found and kept as his own. He wears them on his feet as they sparkle in all their red brilliance. And he also confesses to her that their magical powers gave him the ability to conquer the Emerald City, destroy Oz, and do as he pleased to its people. When she was sent back into the real world, she was so anxious and excited to get back to Kansas that they slipped off her feet and landed on top of the Nome King's mountain and into the wrong hands. She sadly realizes that what has happened to Oz is part of her fault.

Seconds later the Nome messenger appears to tell the Nome King that Tik-Tok has seemingly wound down before he can make his last guess, and therefore is standing perfectly still in the middle of the room. So he sends Dorothy in to wind him back up, and while she is there, among the ornaments, she can guess for herself. The Nome King sends her in, but as she enters he offers to use the ruby slippers and send her home instead. He tells her that no one can help her friends and promises that if she returns to Kansas now, she will never think of Oz again, reminding her that "There's no place like home".

Dorothy declines the Nome King's offer and bravely walks into the room with determination to find Tik-Tok and guess correctly. Tik-Tok reveals to her that he never really wound down and wanted to get her in so she could see which ornament he turns into because they might receive a clue from it to guess correctly and win the game. After saying their goodbyes, Tik-Tok makes his final guess and disappears, however, his plan doesn't work as he is transported to a different part of the room with Dorothy not seeing what he was turned into. Meanwhile, Mombi arrives at the Nome King's Mountain and is made to kneel in front of him. She tries to warn him about Dorothy only for him to taunt her that he already knows about Dorothy and that she'll soon be taken care of. As she fails on her first two guesses, Mombi asks what will happen if she guesses right and learns about Ozma. The Nome King instantly grows angry at the suggestion that Ozma may have escaped Mombi too, but when he is assured that she hasn't he relaxes and tells Mombi that once Dorothy is gone there will no one left who remembers Oz and he will turn fully human. Dorothy closes her eyes and chooses a random ornament, but just before she can take her guess, she sees a big green emerald laying on a table and is drawn to it instead. She makes her third guess and is successful, restoring the Scarecrow.

She realizes that it is green ornaments she is looking for, as green is the mascot color of Oz. Meanwhile the Nome King realizes what happened and becomes consumed with fury. After trapping Mombi in a cage as punishment for letting Dorothy escape, he leaves to deal with her directly. With the Scarecrow's help they restore the Gump to normal. The Nome King appears to stop the game in a giant form as the Scarecrow only just manages to stop a green vase from smashing, which Dorothy restores back into Jack. The Nome King ends the game unfairly and tries to eat the Gump but Jack, the Scarecrow, and Dorothy grab ahold of his antlers and save his head so that the Nome King only eats the sofa he was attached to. He then tries to eat Jack, as the group runs away while Nome monsters who all look like demons come out of the walls trying to claw at and catch hold of them.


The furious Nome King

The Nome King finally gets ahold of Jack, but just as he is about to eat him, he freezes in terror at the sound of Billina clucking inside his head. An egg she lays (her first ever) rolls out and down the Nome King's throat. As he starts to crumble, he expresses his surprises that all this time Dorothy didn't know that eggs are poison to Nomes. He then disintegrates in flames of red smoke and fire, leaving a pile of rocks and boulders. Nothing is left but the ruby slippers. Dorothy sees them sparkle under the rubble and takes them back. Suddenly the Nome King's Mountain begins to collapse and cave in causing havoc all around with things crashing and tumbling around. Dorothy hurriedly kicks her shoes off and puts the slippers on. Holding her friends' hands, she wishes out loud that everyone in the mountain from Oz to be sent back, and to restore the Emerald City and its citizens to normal. She closes her eyes and clicks her heels together three times.

Everyone reappears in a grassy meadow, including Mombi who is still in the cage, and watch as the Emerald City restores to its former green beauty. Dorothy realizes that Tik-Tok was never found but Billina notices a green medal on the Gump's antlers, which turns out to the ornament he turned into. After Dorothy returns him to his original form, they all go to the Emerald City to meet its citizens who eagerly await them.

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The restored Emerald City

The Wheelers apparently turn nice and behave good, as they are no longer Mombi's slaves and are free. They are happy and among those in the huge coronation while celebrating and cheering in a parade inside the city. Dorothy rides on the Cowardly Lion, smiles, and waves to the citizens she saved. The Tin Woodman and Scarecrow walk on each side. All of the characters of Oz can be seen marching in the parade as they all ask Dorothy to take the royal throne, become the Queen of Oz, and stay there forever. The Scarecrow gives her the dented-up silver crown that he wears on his head so that she may accept the offer. But she decides not to be selfish and do the right thing, which is to return to her home in Kansas.

Dorothy wishes she could be in both places at the same time when suddenly the same mysterious girl that she met in the hospital and was lost in the river appears in a giant mirror dressed elegantly in an emerald green gauzy ballgown and adorned in precious jewels and crystals. Recognizing her, she walks toward Dorothy gracefully with a friendly smile. Dorothy helps her carefully step out of the mirror and to her side. The curse is then broken. Dorothy tells her how beautiful she is and is glad she did not drown after all. She is revealed to be the long lost Princess Ozma, the imperial and immortal Queen and rightful ruler of Oz.

The dancing slave girls, now with their heads rightfully back on, explain her history. Her father was the King of Oz before the Wizard arrived. She was enslaved by Mombi, enchanted, and trapped in the mirror when the Nome King promised her 30 beautiful young heads as a gift if she agreed to his deal. Jack suddenly remembers that it was her who created him, which would make her his real mother. He is so relieved to find her that he passes out and faints as the people around him catch him before he hits the ground. Mombi is still trapped in the cage, completely powerless for all eternity.

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Ozma declares that a witch with no magic is a miserable creature indeed and forgives Mombi. Dorothy gives Ozma the ruby slippers and she places them on her feet while she takes back her kingdom and sits on her royal green and gold velvet throne as the Scarecrow gladly resigns as King. Ozma prepares to use the slippers to get Dorothy back to Kansas, telling her she will always look in on her from time to time and bring her back to Oz if she ever wishes to return again to visit in the future.

Billina decides not to return to Kansas after all, seeing how nice Oz truly is now that things are good again and knowing that there is nothing for her in Kansas. Ozma clicks her heels, and Dorothy quickly says a heartfelt goodbye to all of her new and old friends and promises to never forget any of them as she is enveloped in a bright light.

Once Dorothy returns home to Kansas, she wakes up and is found by Toto by the muddy riverbank. He is followed by none other than Aunt Em, Uncle Henry, and a Kansas search party. Aunt Em tells her that the hospital burned to the ground after being struck by lightning. Everybody was rescued except Dr. Worley who ran back in to save his machines. Just then a black jail cart driven by a policeman passes them. To Dorothy's surprise, an angry looking Nurse Wilson is imprisoned in it, similar to Mombi's fate in Oz.

Later, the new farmhouse is finally finished, and Dorothy finally has a room of her own again. Ozma magically comes to visit her in it. She and Billina appear in Dorothy's vanity mirror smiling. This indicates that her adventures in Oz were not just a delusion or dream, even though Ozma does not want Aunt Em to know, keeping everything between her and Dorothy a secret.

The movie ends with Dorothy being much happier again as things seem much more hopeful and brighter. She is seen running out onto the yard, playing with Toto and giggling.

Critical Response[]

Dorothy Gale in Return to Oz (1985)


Return to Oz promotional poster

During its release in 1985 it was praised for its special effects and was even nominated for an award. But overall it was still considered a controversial flop and big box office failure. Return to Oz was unfairly panned by 80% of critics who gave it disastrous reviews, simply because it didn't resemble the 1939 film. Many labeled it as "too scary and intense and grim for children". After the picture was shown at Radio City Music Hall, the majority of mainstream media sadly forgot about it, "Putting it out of their heads" as one journalist wrote in a review years later. The film was only appealing for those to whom the film spoke to, being mostly Die-Hard Oz fans who had read all fourteen of Baum's sequel Oz books and admirers of the fantasy films of the 80's such as Labyrinth, Legend, and The Dark Crystal, all of which had Jim Henson's puppetry that was also used in this one.

Despite its unsuccessful theatrical run, it has grown a huge fanbase over the decades, has received immense praise for its dark beauty and overall faithfulness to Baum's original source material, and has now become a true and official "Cult Classic" with fans all across the world, from America to Japan, even having its own website and countless internet blogs dedicated to the film.


Will Vinton created the Nome King. Special effects were overseen by Zoran Perisic, as director of the model and process unit and visual effects consultant. The coronation scene at the film's end includes many Oz characters that do not appear elsewhere in it: the Braided Man, Jinjur, Button-Bright, Cap'n Bill holding the Magic Flower, the Frogman, Glinda, some Munchkins, Notta Bit More, the Patchwork Girl, Polychrome, the Shaggy Man, Santa Claus, and even Tommy Kwikstep. However, most of these uncredited actors and actresses appear so briefly that viewers are not aware of them. Presumably the reason for this is that they were all turned to stone. Most were still under copyright in 1985, limiting their use on film.

The film was shot in England, on London sound stages plus some exteriors on Salisbury Plain. Freddy Francis, the project's original cinematographer, left after four weeks, unable to agree with director Murch; Francis was replaced by David Watkin. The result was the Francis shot the Kansas material, while Watkin shot Oz. The shoot fell behind schedule, and rumors held that Disney executive Richard Berger wanted to fire Murch. Murch's friends in the business, Francis Ford Coppola, George Lucas, and Steven Spielberg, visited the set to provide encouragement.

Kurtz worried that the script was too dark and solicited Murch for revisions. Murch was unenthusiastic but allowed new writers to be brought in to inject humor and a lighter tone. Little of their work survived into the finished product, however.

The Disney studio regime changed twice during the making of the film. By the time it was ready for audiences, Michael Eisner and Jeffrey Katzenberg were in charge of the company. Kurtz later complained that their new regime abandoned the film, neglecting to promote it effectively, since it was not one of their projects. (Still, Kurtz recognized that the main problem with it was its grim and "morose" tone.) It cost $24,000,000 to make but earned only half that sum at the box office.

The science fiction author Joan D. Vinge wrote a novelization of the film entitled Return to Oz (Novelization). There was a 13 minute audio drama recording that accompanied a 24 page book and record with a different cast of actors providing voices. There were also two sets of trading card decks made featuring the various characters.


Return to Oz (film)/Gallery



  • This film, while based on the public domain Oz novels, has no direct continuity with 1939's The Wizard of Oz due to MGM's still-active copyright. Even then, there are no real plot holes between the two films beyond Dorothy's knowledge of the Deadly Desert -- though someone could have easily explained it to her "off-camera". A few aspects are slightly changed, mostly to avoid a lawsuit. She seems younger in this film, and many previous characters look slightly different than before. The Cowardly Lion does not stand on two legs in this film either.
  • The seventh draft of the script was uploaded to the Internet Archive as completed through February 1984. Although there are not many changes from the film, near the end was the explanation that Pastoria killed himself after selling his own daughter to Mombi in exchange for a potion for eternal life (mirroring Evoldo). Although this appears in the novelization, it was probably omitted for being too dark and perhaps inappropriate for a Disney film. Also, Aunt Em and Uncle Henry were to have the surname Blue.
  • Like some films, a few minor clips were cut from it when it was shown on TV, presumably to save time. Though most of these are minor (such as shortening the scene where the Nomes appear, and a bit of dialogue between Dorothy and Mombi in the castle) two semi-critical points are cut out:
    • The two lines at the hospital, in which Dorothy asks Ozma about the screaming she was hearing, and her saying that Dr. Worley's patients were damaged and locked in the cellar. This could cause some confusion among those who only saw it on TV as to why they were trying to escape from there in the first place, and as to why Nurse Wilson was arrested at the end.
  • In a book adaptation of the film, instead of trying to eat the Gump first, the Nome King eats Mombi and her cage, and Dorothy's wish to restore the Emerald City brings her back to life.
  • The majority of the film's plot comes from Ozma of Oz. Dorothy washing ashore in a chicken coop, the Wheelers, a head-swapping princess, Tik-Tok, the Nome King, the ornament room, and Ozma are all culled from the book.
  • Several elements of the second Oz book, The Marvelous Land of Oz were worked into the film's plot. Jack Pumpkinhead, the Gump, the Powder of Life, and the Scarecrow being king are from Land. Mombi also appears though she was reassigned to Princess Langwidere's role from Ozma of Oz, but retained some of her Land ones as well. For instance, she keeps Ozma captive. In the original book, she is Tip's (Ozma transformed into a boy) evil witch guardian. And she also owns the Powder of Life which is later stolen by the protagonist. The people in the Emerald City are turned to stone as hough the Nome King does this in the film, it could be a reference to how Mombi planned to do so to Tip.
    • Within the film's timeline, some of the events from the 2nd book seem to have occurred but with the divergent point of Ozma being trapped in the mirror before she could assume the throne as Scarecrow was still the King. After she is pulled out by Dorothy, Jack Pumpkinhead exclaims, "Mom! My real mom!" before he faints which refers to how she brought him to life. A female guard explains, "Ozma grew up as Mombi's slave but when the Nome King promised Mombi 30 beautiful heads if she kept Ozma a secret, she enchanted her into the mirror." It is unclear if in this version she was ever Tip as it is Dorothy who brings the Gump to life instead.
    • Jinjur does appear in the crowd as a cameo wearing usual military garb.
    • In one scene, an Emerald City resident is reading from the book as an easter egg which is evident with the page open to chapter five with the Sawhorse illustration.


  • Originally the Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, and Cowardly Lion were to have more prominent roles in this film; however, budget cuts forced their appearances to be reduced to mere cameos.
  • Both the Scarecrow and Jack Pumpkinhead were originally going to have a fully articulated animatronic face, akin to that of the Gump, however budget cuts forced the puppeteers to reduce his face to a series of masks with fixed expressions.
  • Like The Wizard of Oz, characters outside of Oz have counterparts of ones there, which are portrayed by the same actor. Dr. Worley's counterpart is the Nome King, who shares the same smoking pipe and ruby ring, and who says similar lines such as "I know just the thing to cheer you up" and "When you wake up, you'll never think of Oz again". Nurse Wilson's is Mombi as their final fates mirror those of the Nome King and Mombi.


  • Drew Barrymore, Alanis Morissette, and Juliette Lewis auditioned for the role of Dorothy.
  • Tim Curry and Christopher Lloyd were considered for the role of the Nome King, with Mary Steenburgen as a possible candidate for Mombi. They also considered Dick Van Dyke for the voice of Jack Pumpkinhead.


  • Anonymous, "Return to Oz Revisited: an interview with Gary Kurtz," The Baum Bugle, Vol. 39 No. 2 (Autumn 1995), pp. 4-13.
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Live-Action adaptations Silent films Fairylogue and Radio-Plays (1908) • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1910) • His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz (1914) • The Patchwork Girl of Oz (1914) • The Magic Cloak of Oz (1914) • The Wizard of Oz (1925)
Modern films The Wizard of Oz (1939) • The Wonderful Land of Oz (1969) • 20th Century Oz (1976) • The Wiz (1978) • Return to Oz (1985) • The Dreamer of Oz (1990) • The Wizard of the City of Emeralds (1994) • The Muppets' Wizard of Oz (2005) • After the Wizard (2011) • Oz the Great and Powerful (2013) • The Wiz Live! (2015)
Inspired films Flying Monkeys (2013) • OzLand (2015)
Guest Appearances Inkheart (2008) • Space Jam: A New Legacy (2021)
Animated adaptations Feature films Journey Back to Oz (1974) • The Wizard of Oz (1982) • The Wizard of Oz (1983) • The Wizard of Oz (1991) • Lion of Oz (2000) • Tom and Jerry & the Wizard of Oz (2011) • Legends of Oz: Dorothy's Return (2014) • Guardians of Oz (2015) • Tom and Jerry: Back to Oz (2016) • Urfin Jus and His Wooden Soldiers (2017) • The Steam Engines of Oz (2018)
Guest Appearances The LEGO Movie (2014) • The Lego Batman Movie (2017)
Upcoming adaptations Wicked: Part One/Wicked: Part Two (2024-5) • Dorothy & Alice (TBA) • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (film) (TBA) • Toto (film) (TBA)
Short films After Oz (2007) • The Land of Oz (short film) (2015) • Dorothy in the Land of Stars (2017) • Unknown, Lost, or non-English Adaptations