Henry M. Littlefield (June 12, 1933 – March 30, 2000) was an American educator, author and historian most notable for his claim that L. Frank Baum's "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" was a political satire, founding a long tradition of political interpretations of this book. He wrote an essay to this effect for his high-school students in Mount Vernon, New York, and published it in the American Quarterly in 1964.

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