L. Frank Baum, with the cast from Fairylogue.

Fairylogue and Radio-Plays was a multi-media Oz stage show created and presented by L. Frank Baum, to promote his first three Oz books and John Dough and the Cherub.


The show, staged in the autumn of 1908, consisted of filmed segments, magic-lantern slides, live actors, and a narration spoken by Baum himself. Baum dressed in a white suit when he presented the show; at the end he invited the children in the audience to meet Romola Remus, the eight-year-old actress who played Dorothy in the films. He also signed autographs and books in the lobbies of the theaters.[citation needed]

The films were produced by the Selig Polyscope Company in Chicago, then were hand-colored in Paris by Duval Freres. (Baum stated that he had purchased the American rights to a film-coloring process developed by French artist Michel Radio. The "Radio" in the title refers to the man, not the broadcast medium that would follow later. Modern scholars have had trouble tracing Radio the man, and have questioned Baum's account — though they cannot provide an alternative explanation for the "Radio" in the show's title.) Baum's eldest son Frank Joslyn Baum served as the projectionist during Fairylogue performances.[citation needed]

The first portion of the show, titled "The Land of Oz," was dominated by the silent-movie scenes from the first three Oz books; it ran through 14 scenes in an hour and ten minutes. During the intermission, slides from the current Oz book, Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz, were projected. The second half of the program delivered an abridged version of John Dough and the Cherub (7 scenes in about forty minutes).[citation needed]

The show opened in Grand Rapids on 24 September 1908 to a warm reception, and proved a popular success. It toured through a dozen cities in the Midwest and New York State, including Chicago, St. Louis, Milwaukee, and Syracuse. The effects were widely praised, especially the scenes of Dorothy at sea in the chicken coop and John Dough's rocket flight. Many viewers and commentators erroneously believed that child actress Remus had been endangered while "filming" the shipwreck scene — not realizing that the scene was a trick of double exposure.

Income from ticket sales, though, never matched the expenses of production and transport. Baum was forced to close the show in New York City on 6 December 1908. Baum financed the show himself, paying for 114 slides to be made from John R. Neill drawings, and for 27 musical numbers by Nathaniel D. Mann (performed by a live orchestra), among other costs. The debts that resulted would be the main cause of his bankruptcy in 1911.

In lieu of payment of thousands of dollars owed them by Baum, Selig acquired the rights to the films they had made for him, and released them as four separate one-reelers in 1910. These Selig Fairylogue movies were the earliest filmed versions of Oz stories seen by the public; unfortunately no surviving prints are known to exist. The last recorded re-release of the footage was in 1925 through the company First National Pictures which later merged with Warner Brothers. The script and the slides for the show however have been preserved.

Francis Boggs and Otis Turner are credited as the directors of the Selig films (Boggs the Oz segments, and Turner the John Dough materials). Turner is also credited as providing help to Baum on the scenarios for the films, and two years later directed the 1910 Selig movie version of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.

The earliest map of Oz ever created was a slide from the Fairylogue show.


(listed in the order credited in the program)

A Colored Photo from the Film (The whole film was hand colored making it one of the earliest colored films

The First map of Oz


OzIcon.png Films and Television OzIcon.png
Live-action adaptations
Silent films Fairylogue and Radio-Plays (1908) • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1910) • His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz (1914) • The Patchwork Girl of Oz (1914) • The Magic Cloak of Oz (1914) •

The Wizard of Oz (1925)

Modern films

The Wizard of Oz (1939) • The Wonderful Land of Oz (1969) • 20th Century Oz (1976) • The Wiz (1978) • Return to Oz (1985) • The Wizard of Oz (1994) • The Muppets' Wizard of Oz (2005) • After the Wizard (2011) • Oz the Great and Powerful (2013) • The Wiz Live! (2015)

Spin-off films Flying Monkeys (2013)
Guest Appearances Inkheart (2008)
TV Series

Adventures in Oz with Cheryl (1999) • Lost in Oz (2002) • Tin Man (2007) • La Maga (2008) • Dorothy and the Witches of Oz (2011) • Emerald City (2017)

Guest Appearances Shirley Temple's Storybook (1960) • Once Upon a Time (2011-2018) • Supernatural (2013-)
Animated adaptations

Return to Oz (1964) • Journey Back to Oz (1974) • Dorothy in the Land of Oz (1980) • The Wizard of Oz (1982) • The Wizard of Oz (1983) • Dorothy Meets Ozma of Oz (1987) • The Wizard of Oz (1991) • Lion of Oz (2000) • Tom and Jerry & the Wizard of Oz (2011) • Legends of Oz: Dorothy's Return (2014) • Save Oz! (2015) • Tom and Jerry: Back to Oz (2016) • Urfin Jus and His Wooden Soldiers (2017) • The Steam Engines of Oz (2018)

Guest Appearances The LEGO Movie (2014) • The Lego Batman Movie (2017)

Tales of the Wizard of Oz (1961) • In the Magical Land of Oz (1983) • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1986) • The Wonderful Galaxy of Oz (1990) • The Wizard of Oz (1990) • The Oz Kids (1996) • Adventures in the Emerald City (1999) • Marchen Awakens Romance (2007) • Lost in Oz (2015-2018) • Dorothy and the Wizard of Oz (2017-2020)

Guest Appearances Superfriends (1980)
Upcoming adaptations Wicked (2021) • Return to Emerald City (?) • How the Wizard Came to Oz (?) • The Land of Oz (?) • Oz (?)
Pastiches, parodies, etc Rugrats (1999) • That's So Raven (2003-2006) • Victorious (2012) • Mickey Mouse Clubhouse (2013) • Nicky, Ricky, Dicky & Dawn (2017)
Reality TV Project Runway (2004) • Face Off (2011)
Shorts and others Beef Ravioli commercials (2006) • After Oz (2007) • OzLand (2015) • The Land of Oz (short film) (2015) • Dorothy in the Land of Stars (2017) •Unknown (TBA)

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