Emile A. Nelson (died 4 December 1913) was the artist who provided illustrations for the first eight volumes in the Aunt Jane's Nieces series by L. Frank Baum. He also illustrated some of the books in Baum's The Boy Fortune Hunters series.

Nelson illustrated a broad range of books during his career. He worked repeatedly for Baum's publisher Reilly & Britton, on titles like Mrs. Henderson's The Magic Aeroplane and The Flight Brothers, and other now-forgotten works.

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